Assessment under GST
The article aims to highlight how tax assessment is carried under GST law. The law has very procedurally defined the steps and actions for assessee and GST officer.
Assessment means the determination of tax liability under GST law and includes self-assessment, re-assessment, summary assessment, and best judgment assessment. Given below are the various types of assessment under the GST Act.
- Self-assessment (Section 59)
- Provisional assessment (Section 60)
- Scrutiny assessment (Section 61)
- Best judgment assessment (Section 62 & 63)
- Assessment of non-filers of returns (Section 62)
- Assessment of unregistered persons (Section 63)
- Summary assessment (Section 64)
Only self-assessment is done by the taxpayer himself/itself. All the other assessments are undertaken by tax authorities. Under this article, we will discuss about self-assessment under GST, please refer to our other articles on the subject to read about various other assessments.
Self-assessment (Section 59)
Every registered person would be required to assess his tax liability in accordance with the provision of GST laws and report the basis of calculation of tax liability to the tax authorities, by the filing of periodic tax returns under section 39. Currently, Form GSTR 3B is being filed for declaring output and input tax details by assessees.
Related provisions if there is a delay in the filing of periodic tax returns: –
Section 47: – Levy of late fees
Any registered person who fails to furnish the details of outward or inward supplies required under returns required under section 39 by the due date shall pay a late fee of Twenty-five rupees for every day during which such failure continues subject to a maximum amount of five thousand rupees, equal amount of late fees under SGST act shall also be levied.
Provided that such late fees shall be reduced to Rs. 10 in case of nil reporting/liability during the tax period.
The late fee has recently been waived off for the returns being filed between 22nd December 2018 to 31st March 2019 for the period pertaining to July 2017 to September 2018
Section 50: – Interest on late payment of GST liability
(1) Every person who is liable to pay tax, but fails to pay the tax or any part thereof to the Government within the period prescribed, shall pay on his own, interest eighteen per-cent or such rate as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council.
(2) The interest under sub-section (1) shall be calculated from the day succeeding the day on which such tax was due to be paid till the date of payment.
Further, the GST officer can levy penalties under Section 122 of the CGST Act, in case one file any wrong or false information in the GST returns.